I will attempt to explain a little bit about it. I am not professing to bring an understanding in a convincing way—art, of course, is a personal preference.
No, I will merely attempt to maybe explain the different types (that I know of) because of the many ways, it just adds to the infinite directions one can make art.
My audience is somewhere in between those who are curious, who are maybe figuring out the style they like best, and those who have no idea and might have some kind of inkling towards the stuff.
Disclaimer: I believe there is such a thing as “bad art”.
To jump right in, there is colour field painting, where you paint giant swaths of colour onto ginormous, or sometimes regular sized, canvases. Often, there is an emotional response for the viewer, which makes this type so popular. There is gesture painting where you paint through intuition and gesture (mind you, all abstract art is intuitive). There is action painting—think Pollock (although some say Pollock was a gesture painter—to be fair, the last three all kind of blend together Hagen they came about). There is non-objective abstract art, some with a bit of object recognition (you can literally recognize “things” and shapes). There is landscape abstract where someone will paint a sunset or sunrise or some kind of painting with a horizon in it. There is “mark making” abstract art where it’s literally making marks on the canvas with different objects or even your hands (my favourite). And one other type of abstract art that I know of is (and some people say it’s the only way abstract art should be done), is when you abstract an object. As in, I have a model in front of me and I abstract her. I paint MY interpretation of her.
As I pointed out, mark making is my favourite kind of abstract art. There are many different kinds, many that I haven’t named. But it’s a good start to figure out maybe your favourite kind.
Check them out online. Check out the different aspects of each artist that you know and take note of what you like and don’t like. You will find many more artists I am sure with similar painting styles and you will broaden your knowledge and tastes.
I will post some examples below that are mine, I don’t know of any in-copywrited images. Maybe Pollock.